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NCJ Number: 249695 Find in a Library
Title: Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Community- and Problem-Oriented Policing
Series: OJJDP Model Programs Guide Literature Reviews
Corporate Author: Development Services Group, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Development Services Group, Inc.
Bethesda, MD 20814
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-MU-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material; Issue Overview; Literature Review; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a literature review, this report examines the theoretical models, practical implementation, and evidence-based outcomes of community-oriented policing (COP) and problem-oriented policing (POP), which are two policing strategies that have gained popularity since the mid-1980s.
Abstract: COP and POP have been viewed as policing models that should supplant or supplement elements of the traditional policing model. Under the traditional policing model, police are viewed as the primary guardians of public safety, whose primary responsibilities are to respond to reported and observed crimes, conduct investigations, identify suspects, and make arrests. In the mid-1980s, this model began to be viewed as too narrow a focus that ignored the importance of preemptory interventions and crime-prevention as critical elements for improving public safety and reducing crime. At the core of the COP model is a redefinition of the relationship between the police and the community. The COP model views the police and community as collaborators in identifying and countering the causes of crime. Typical manifestations of the implementation of COP are increased foot patrols, school resource officers, storefront police stations, the geographic assignment of officers, and neighborhood-based crime prevention activities. POP also emerged as a key tool in the COP model. POP involves the police in identifying and countering persistent crime patterns and the circumstance and locations linked to their commission. Based on the identification and analysis of a crime “problem,” strategies are developed to change both contexts that are linked to the crime and the police response to it, followed by research-based evaluations of the effectiveness of the strategies. Evaluations of both COP and POP implementation and outcomes have been mixed; however, there is sufficient evidence that when these models are implemented in accordance with evidence-based practices, they improve on the sole use of the traditional policing model. 28 references
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Community policing; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Police community relations; Police effectiveness; Police responsibilities; Problem-Oriented Policing
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