skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 249710 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Leadership and Youth Development
Series: OJJDP Model Programs Guide Literature Reviews
Corporate Author: Development Services Group, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Development Services Group, Inc.
Bethesda, MD 20814
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-MU-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Type: Literature Review; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a literature review, this paper examines the theoretical foundation and research-based outcome evidence for using knowledge of factors in positive youth development to create environments for youth that facilitate such development.
Abstract: The theoretical foundation for youth competency development borrows from control theory (Hirschi, 1969). Control theory hypothesizes that social controls are what prevent people from engaging in delinquent and criminal behavior. When these social controls are weak or nonexistent, deviant behavior is likely to occur. The theoretical context for youth development programs is similar. Such programs are more concerned with the basic needs and stages of youth development than with focusing on fixing problem behaviors. They intend to provide youth with skills and social competencies needed to perform constructive tasks that are valued by normative social institutions, i.e., legitimate employment, positive family interactions, and community contributions. This focus on the development and practice of positive behaviors creates a buffer against delinquent behavior. In testing this theory of delinquency prevention, there is a growing body of evidence that indicates youth development programs can produce individual protective factors that increase positive behaviors and attitudes while preventing or decreasing problem behaviors (Benson and Saito, 2000). Some key research studies that have found positive outcomes from youth development programs are cited. The programs subjected to research evaluations demonstrated youth participants‘ improvement in moral development, positive self-esteem, moral reasoning, and sense of social responsibility. Perhaps the most convincing research on youth development to date is a meta-analysis of 25 program evaluations conducted by the Social Development Research Group at the University of Washington (Catalano et al.,1998). 12 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Crime control theory; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Informal social control; Juvenile delinquency theory; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Positive Development; Risk and Protective Factors; Social control theory; Youth development
Note: This resource does not present the most current information on the topic. To access a copy of this archived resource, contact the NCJRS Library.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.