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NCJ Number: 249793 Find in a Library
Title: State Progress in Record Reporting for Firearm-Related Background Checks: Mental Health Submissions
Author(s): Becki Goggins; Anne Gallegos
Date Published: February 2016
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2009-NS-BX-K050
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description; Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents an overview of legislation and reporting mechanisms for mental health information used in background checks for firearm purchases; identifies the challenges States face in reporting; strategies that have been implemented to address the challenges; and data that illustrate the improvements in this area over the past decade.
Abstract: Over the past ten years, states have made vast progress in providing firearm prohibiting mental health information to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) Index. The passage of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act (NIAA) in 2008 was a turning point in reporting; in addition to the approximately 250,000 federally-submitted mental health records, the NICS Index went from holding just over 400,000 state-submitted mental health records to over 3.8 million state-submitted records in July of 2015. This report provides an overview of legislation and reporting mechanisms for mental health information, the challenges states face in reporting, strategies that have been implemented to overcome the challenges, and finally, data that illustrate the improvements that have been accomplished over the past decade in this area.
Main Term(s): Statistics
Index Term(s): Background Checks; BJS Grant-related Documents; BJS Resources; Gun Control; Gun control legislation; Information processing; Mental health; National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS); Statistical Accuracy
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