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NCJ Number: 249841 Find in a Library
Title: Health Disparities in Drug- and Alcohol-Use Disorders: A 12-Year Longitudinal Study of Youths After Detention
Journal: American Journal of Public Health  Volume:106  Issue:5  Dated:May 2016  Pages:872-880
Author(s): Leah J. Welty; Anna J. Harrison; Karen M. Abram; Nicole D. Olson; David A. Aaby; Kathleen P. McCoy; Jason J. Washburn; Linda A. Teplin
Date Published: May 2016
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 1999-JE-FX-1001;2005-JL-FX-0288;2008-JF-FX-0068
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined sex and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of nine substance-use disorders (SUDs)— alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogen or PCP, opiate, amphetamine, inhalant, sedative, and unspecified drug — in youths during the 12 years after detention.
Abstract: The study found that after detention, SUDs differed markedly by sex, race/ethnicity, and substance abused; contrary to stereotypes, SUDs did not disproportionately affect African Americans. Services to treat substance abuse—during incarceration and after release—would reach many people in need, and address health disparities in a highly vulnerable population. By median age 28 years, 91.3 percent of males and 78.5 percent of females had ever had an SUD. At most follow-ups, males had greater odds of alcohol- and marijuana-use disorders. Drug-use disorders were most prevalent among non-Hispanic Whites, followed by Hispanics, then African Americans (e.g., compared with African Americans, non-Hispanic Whites had 32.1 times the odds of cocaine-use disorder [95 percent confidence interval = 13.8, 74.7]). The study used data from the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a prospective longitudinal study of 1,829 youths randomly sampled from detention in Chicago, Illinois, starting in 1995 and reinterviewed up to nine times in the community or correctional facilities through 2011. Independent interviewers assessed SUDs with Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children 2.3 (baseline) and Diagnostic Interview Schedule version IV (follow-ups). 1 table, 4 figures, and 109 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Drug offender profiles; Juvenile detention; Juvenile Recidivism; Juvenile Risk Factors; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Recidivism causes
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