skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 249864 Find in a Library
Title: State Progress in Record Reporting for Firearm-Related Background Checks: Protection Order Submissions
Author(s): Becki Goggins; Anne Gallegos
Corporate Author: SEARCH - National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics
United States of America

National Ctr for State Courts
Court Statistics and Information Management Project
United States of America
Date Published: April 2016
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Ctr for State Courts
Williamsburg, VA 23185
SEARCH - National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics
Sacramento, CA 95831
Grant Number: 2009-NS-BX-K050
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material; Legislation/Policy Analysis; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides background information and examples related to how States are facilitating firearm-related background checks that identify persons named in protection orders who are prohibited from owning a firearm.
Abstract: In 1994, Congress enacted the Violence Against Women Act, which requires all U.S. States and territories to give “full faith and credit” to all valid orders of protection issued by other jurisdictions. It is important that protection orders be entered into the Protection Order File of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC), since this is the best way to ensure that a record of its existence can be confirmed by law enforcement agencies across the Nation. The National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), which is mandated under the Brady Act, is used by Federal Firearms Licensees (FFLs) to instantly determine whether a prospective buyer is eligible to receive firearms or explosives. Protection orders that do not qualify for entry into the NCIC may be placed in the NICS Index. Unlike NCIC entries, protection orders in the NICS Index do not require 24/7 hit confirmations, and they are not subject to the same rigorous validation rules of the NCIC. Several States have improved protection-order reporting over the past few years, and Federal grant funds have enabled States to develop strategies for overcoming the barriers to reporting protection orders to NCIC. Examples of such strategies are presented in this report for West Virginia, New York, Nebraska, and Hawaii.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Background Check Systems; BJS Grant-related Documents; BJS Resources; Domestic assault; Domestic assault prevention; Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence; Gun Control; National Crime Information Center; National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS); Restraining orders
Note: This project was conducted under cooperative agreement 2009-NS-BX-K050 from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. Points of view or opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the funding agency.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.