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NCJ Number: 249887 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime
Author(s): Lisa N. Sacco
Corporate Author: Congressional Research Service
United States of America
Date Published: October 2015
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Congressional Research Service
Washington, DC 20540
Sale Source: Congressional Research Service
Library of Congress
101 Independence Ave., SE
Washington, DC 20540
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Historical Overview; Legislation/Policy Description; Program/Project Description
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report reviews the history of the Federal Crime Victims Fund (CVF), which was established by the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) in 1984 to provide funding for State victim compensation and assistance programs.
Abstract: Since 1984, VOCA has been amended several times to support additional victim-related services, including discretionary grants for private organizations, the Federal Victim Notification System, funding for victim assistance staff within the FBI and Executive Office of U.S. Attorneys, funding for the Children’s Justice Act Program, and assistance and compensation for terrorism victims. In 1988, the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) was established within the Justice Department to administer the CVF. The OVC awards CVF money through grants to States, local government units, individuals, and other entities. Deposits to the CVF come from criminal fines; forfeited appearance bonds; penalties; and special assessments collected by the U.S. Attorneys’ Offices, Federal courts, and FBI. In considering the CVF allocation and future caps, there are several issues on which policymakers may deliberate. Congress may consider whether to adjust the manner in which the CVF is allocated, amend VOCA to accommodate additional victim activities or groups, adjust the cap and allow use of the CVF for grant programs other than those authorized by VOCA, or make other adjustments to the CVF cap. The House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to the Bipartisan Budget Agreement of 2015 contains a provision that would, if enacted, rescind $1.5 billion from the balance of the CVF. 1 figure, 8 tables, and author contact information
Main Term(s): Victim compensation
Index Term(s): Federal legislation; Funding sources; Office for Victims of Crime (OVC); OVC Resources; Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (VOCA)
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