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NCJ Number: 249888 Find in a Library
Title: GPS Monitoring Practices in Community Supervision and the Potential Impact of Advanced Analytics, Version 1.0
Author(s): Harold I. Heaton
Date Published: May 2016
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-MU-CX-K111
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Administration/Management Material; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Technical Assistance); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report reviews the uses, technology, and benefits of electronic monitoring (EM) of offenders’ geographic locations in the community and recommends a strategy for improving its uses and assessments.
Abstract: Major sections of this report address EM uses in offender monitoring, the conceptual system framework, State and local EM practices, ways to increase the efficiency of offender monitoring, the operational impact of EM, and cost considerations. The use of EM systems in community corrections has become more widespread over the past 15 years due to many State and local jurisdictions facing directives to implement this technology as a condition for offenders’ release from confinement; however, there is wide variation in the applications and in the degree to which they have been successfully implemented. Benefits of EM include the tailoring of monitoring approaches to individual offenders, providing an alternative to incarceration in managing high-risk offenders, improving the integration of ex-offenders into the community, and quick detection and response to offenders in high-risk or prohibited locations. Although there is potential for improving long-term outcomes for managing offenders with EM within an overall strategy of behavioral modification, one well-designed study found that the effectiveness of EM supplemented with treatment depends on the offender’s risk level. Generally, studies of the performance of EM systems have found significant cost advantages when compared with more traditional approaches to offender supervision. Still, system improvements are needed for the reliable and accurate tracking of clients indoors, underground (subways), in inclement weather, in tall buildings, and in rugged terrain. 2 figures, 2 tables, 50 references, and appended detailed information
Main Term(s): Corrections Technology
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Electronic monitoring of offenders; Electronic surveillance; Intensive probation; Intensive supervision programs; NIJ final report; NIJ Resources; Technology transfer
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