skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 249912 Find in a Library
Title: HOPE II: A Follow-up to Hawaii's HOPE Evaluation
Author(s): Angela Hawken; Jonathan Kulick; Kelly Smith; Jie Mei; Yiwen Zhang; Sara Jarman; Travis Yu; Chris Carson; Tifanie Vial
Date Published: May 2016
Page Count: 86
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-IJ-CX-0016
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This second major evaluation of Hawai’i’s Opportunity Probation With Enforcement (HOPE) was conducted after the program had expanded from 34 participants in 2004 to approximately 2,200 in 2014 and some modifications had been made in the program; it also included a 10-year follow-up of participants in the first evaluation.
Abstract: The core features of HOPE are regular, random drug testing linked to swift and certain, but modest, sanctions for non-compliance with performance requirements. The initial evaluation, a 12-month followup, credited HOPE with large reductions in drug use, recidivism, and overall incarceration for program participants. The current evaluation found that HOPE probationers performed better than probationers supervised under routine supervision. HOPE participants were less likely to be revoked and returned to prison and were more likely to be free in the community. The reduction in drug-related crimes accounted for most of the difference in recidivism rates for HOPE participants and non-participants. Probationers’ perception of risk of punishment for non-compliance was higher than probation officers’ estimates. Surveys of probation officers suggest that they support HOPE; however, they reported perceived deviation from how HOPE is being implemented compared with how it is described in policies and procedures. At 10-year followup, the original HOPE pilot group had significantly less criminal involvement (number of charges for new crimes) compared with the original control group. The program modifications that occurred after the initial evaluation were early termination as a reward for continued compliance with program requirements, a non-jail sanction for technical violations without aggravating circumstances for clients with a history of compliance, and other modifications that relaxed the severity of sanctions with mitigating circumstances. 13 figures, 3 tables, and 75 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug courts
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Evidence-Based Practices; Evidence-Based Programs; Hawaii; Intensive juvenile probation; Longitudinal studies; Model programs; NIJ final report; NIJ Resources; Probation violations
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.