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NCJ Number: 249987 Find in a Library
Title: Differentiating Serious Adolescent Offenders Who Exit the Justice System From Those Who Do Not
Journal: Criminology  Volume:54  Issue:1  Dated:February 2016  Pages:56-85
Author(s): C. A. Schubert; E. P. Mulvey; L. Pitzer
Date Published: February 2016
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2008-IJ-CX-0023
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Whereas research on desistance from criminal offending in late adolescence and early adulthood has generally examined related factors for their impact on offending for a period shortly after the occurrence or shifts in possible predictors, the current study took a slightly different approach by examining the broad relation of life changes and developmental patterns to wholesale shifts in offending behavior.
Abstract: The study used data from the Pathways to Desistance study to compare the developmental patterns of two groups of serious adolescent male offenders: those who are “system successes” with no subsequent criminal justice system involvement and a matched sample for a 7-year period after court involvement for a felony offense. Findings from growth curve analyses indicate that patterns of change in criminal attitudes, psychosocial development, and legal employment over this extended follow-up period were related to an absence of offending. These results support further investigation of the synergistic effects of psychological changes and entry into the job market as possible mechanisms that promote desistance during this developmental period. The policy and practice implications of these findings are discussed. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Desistance from Crime; Employment-crime relationships; Juvenile employment-unemployment comparisons; Juvenile Recidivism; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; Recidivism causes; Self concept; Self Control
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