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NCJ Number: 250036 Find in a Library
Title: Polyvictimization and Youth Violence Exposure Across Contexts
Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health  Volume:58  Issue:2  Dated:February 2016  Pages:208-214
Author(s): H. A. Turner; A. Shattuck
Date Published: February 2016
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-JF-FX-0001
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used latent class analysis to uncover groups of youth with specific victimization profiles and to identify factors that are associated with membership in each victimization group.
Abstract: This study used data from the National Survey of Children Exposure to Violence II. Random digit dialing and address-based sampling were used to obtain a nationally representative sample of 2,312 youth ages 10–17 years. Phone interviews, averaging 55 minutes in length, were conducted with caregivers to obtain both consent and background information and then with youths themselves. Six groups of youth emerged: (1) nonvictims (26.4 percent), (2) home victims (8.4 percent), (3) school victims (20.8 percent), (4) home and school victims (21.3 percent), (5) community victims (5.4 percent), and (6) polyvictims (17.8 percent). Polyvictims were likely to have been victimized in multiple settings by multiple perpetrators and experienced the most serious aggravating characteristics, including incidents involving a weapon, injury, or a sexual component. Youth in the poly-victim class experienced the highest number of different victimization types in the past year and had the most problematic profile in other ways, including greater likelihood of living in disordered communities, high probabilities of engaging in delinquency of all types, elevated lifetime adversity, low levels of family support, and the highest trauma symptom scores. The study findings support the contention that a core basis of the particularly damaging effects of polyvictimization is the experience of victimization across multiple domains of the child's life. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Children Exposed to Violence; Exposure to Violence; Multiple victimization; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Victimization risk
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