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NCJ Number: 250189 Find in a Library
Title: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Smart Policing Initiative: Testing the Impacts of Differential Police Strategies on Violent Crime Hotspots
Author(s): Jerry H. Ratcliffe; Elizabeth R. Groff; Cory P. Haberman; Evan T. Sorg; Nola Joyce
Corporate Author: CNA Analysis & Solutions
United States of America
Date Published: August 2013
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
CNA Analysis & Solutions
Alexandria, VA 22311
Grant Number: 2009-DG-BX-K021
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF
Agency Summary: 
Type: Grants and Funding; Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Technical Assistance); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This issue of Smart Policing Initiative (SPI): Site Spotlight (August 2013) reports on the testing of the impacts of differential police strategies used in hotspots of violent crime in Philadelphia.
Abstract: Findings indicate that the offender-focused strategy outperformed both foot patrol and problemsolving strategies in reducing violent crime where it is concentrated. Compared to the control areas, the treatment areas that received the offender-focused strategy had a 22-percent decrease in violent crime and a 31-percent decrease in violent street felonies. No significant crime reductions occurred in areas that received problemsolving or foot patrol strategies. The offender-focused strategy used criminal intelligence unit (CIU) officers to identify repeat violent offenders who either lived in the target area or were suspected of being involved in violent crimes in the target area. Team members and patrol officers frequently made contact with these prolific offenders using a variety of strategies. Regarding foot patrol, District Captains were given discretion to determine how foot patrol would be implemented within their assigned deployment areas as long as each target area was patrolled a minimum of 8 hours a day, 5 days a week for 12 weeks. The problem-oriented policing strategy consisted of teams of district officers, working in collaboration with community members and with the support of personnel from police headquarters to identify, analyze, and implement strategies that targeted specific problems. 2 figures and 1 table
Main Term(s): Police effectiveness
Index Term(s): BJA Grant-related Documents; BJA Resources; Comparative analysis; Crime analysis; Crime specific countermeasures; Evidence-Based Practices; Evidence-Based Programs; Evidence-Based Research; Habitual offenders; Pennsylvania; Police crime analysis training; Police policies and procedures; Police resource allocation; Problem-Oriented Policing; Recidivists; Risk management; Violence prevention; Violent offenders
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