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NCJ Number: 250260 Find in a Library
Title: Fact Sheet on Justice Involved Women in 2016
Corporate Author: National Resource Ctr on Justice Involved Women
United States of America
Date Published: June 2016
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
National Resource Ctr on Justice Involved Women
Grant Number: 2010-DJ-BX-K080
Sale Source: National Resource Ctr on Justice Involved Women
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Factsheet; Instructional Material; Issue Overview; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Intended for criminal justice practitioners who wish to adopt more gender-informed approaches for justice-involved women, this fact sheet provides basic information on justice-involved women and how they differ from their male counterparts.
Abstract: Data are presented to show a trend in higher percentages of justice-involved women. In 2013, 1.2 million women were under the authority of the criminal justice system. This trend can be traced to changes in State and National drug policies that mandated prison terms for even relatively low-level drug offenses. Women’s recidivism rates are similar to those of justice-involved men; approximately 25 percent of women released from prison have an arrest for a new crime within 6 months. There are significant differences between male and female offenders regarding offending histories, risk factors, and life circumstances. Male and female offenders are compared for notable differences on offense types and the use of violence, victimization and trauma experiences, mental health, substance abuse, relationships, and poverty and economic marginalization. The data presented show the importance of having gender-specific policies and practices in order to maximize the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in addressing the distinctive needs and risks of both female and male offenders. 40 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): BJA Grant-related Documents; BJA Resources; Crime Causes; Crime causes theory; Evidence-Based Practices; Evidence-Based Programs; Female offenders; Gender issues; Male female offender comparisons; Treatment offender matching
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