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NCJ Number: 250304 Find in a Library
Title: Improving the Investigation and Prosecution of State and Local Human Trafficking Cases
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: September 2016
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0015
Document: HTML
Format: Article; Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article details an NIJ-funded study that examined the challenges faced in identification, investigation, and prosecution of trafficking cases at the State and local levels with the goal of improving law enforcement efforts to locate victims of trafficking and prosecute their traffickers.
Abstract: Researchers in this NIJ-funded study focused on the challenges faced in identification, investigation and prosecution of trafficking cases at the state and local levels. The researchers’ primary goal in identifying these challenges was to improve law enforcement efforts to locate victims of trafficking and prosecute their traffickers. The study addressed three main questions: 1) What are the characteristics of local human trafficking investigations and prosecutions?; 2) Do certain types of human trafficking offenses, such as offenses with particular victims or offender characteristics, predict whether prosecution occurs under human trafficking laws or other criminal statutes?; and 3) What are the organizational, structural or cultural factors that inhibit or facilitate the prosecution of human trafficking cases? The researchers identified challenge in three areas of human trafficking casts -- challenges in identifying victims, investigating cases, and prosecuting cases. Recommendations for improving the identification of human trafficking and strategies to improve investigations, included: 1) Prioritizing human trafficking identification in communities and law enforcement agencies; 2) Providing institutional resources specifically for human trafficking; 3) Using proactive investigation strategies; 4) Providing adequate and comprehensive victim services, including adequate shelters; 5) Developing long-term plans to help survivors reintegrate into society; 6) Improving law enforcement training, especially on interviewing techniques; and 7) Establishing open relationships between police and prosecutors.
Main Term(s): Trafficking in Persons
Index Term(s): National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources
Note: This article is based on the grant report Identifying Challenges to Improve the Investigation and Prosecution of State and Local Human Trafficking Cases (NCJ 238795) by Amy Farrell, Jack McDevitt, Rebecca Pfeffer, Stephanie Fahy, Colleen Owens, Meredith Dank, and William Adams. This study built on a 2008 study of the same topic, Understanding and Improving Law Enforcement Responses to Human Trafficking (NCJ 222752), by Amy Farrell, Jack McDevitt, and Stephanie Fahy.
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