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NCJ Number: 250307 Find in a Library
Title: How Does Labor Trafficking Occur in U.S. Communities and What Becomes of the Victims?
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: September 2016
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2011-IJ-CX-0026
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Summary)
Format: Article; Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents information from an NIJ funded study that addressed the nature of the labor trafficking victimization experience, who the traffickers are and how they operate, and challenges to investigation and prosecution.
Abstract: More than a decade after the passage of the United States’ federal law against human trafficking, there continues to be a lack of systematic information about the characteristics of labor trafficking victimization and how labor trafficking cases are investigated by law enforcement. This study sought answers to: 1) What is the nature of the labor trafficking victimization experience in the U.S.?; 2) How are domestic and international labor trafficking syndicates operating in the U.S. organized? Who are the traffickers, and what is their connection to other illicit networks that help facilitate labor trafficking operations?; and 3) What are the challenges of law enforcement investigating labor trafficking cases identified by victim service providers? Why are so few identified cases investigated and prosecuted? The study’s findings detail the nature of the labor trafficking victimization experience, who are the traffickers and how they operate, and challenges to investigation and prosecution. Finding included: All the victims in this study sample were immigrants working in the U.S. with most having entered on a temporary visa; some on diplomatic, business or tourist visas; others without legal authorization most commonly trafficked for agriculture and domestic work. All experienced at least some the following: elements of force, fraud and coercion necessary to substantiate labor trafficking, including document fraud; extortion; sexual abuse and rape; discrimination; psychological manipulation and coercion; torture; attempted murder; and violence and/or threats against themselves and their family members. And, that labor trafficking victims faced high rates of civil labor exploitation, including being paid less than minimum wage or less than promised; wage theft; and illegal deductions. A large number of policy and practice recommendations are provided to improve identification and response to labor trafficking and guide future research on labor trafficking victimization.
Main Term(s): Trafficking in Persons
Index Term(s): National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources
Note: This article is based on the grant report Understanding the Organization, Operation, and Victimization Process of Labor Trafficking in the United States (NCJ 248461) by Colleen Owens, Meredith Dank, Justin Breaux, Isela Bañuelos, Amy Farrell, Rebecca Pfeffer, Katie Bright, Ryan Heitsmith, and Jack McDevitt.
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