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NCJ Number: 250308 Find in a Library
Title: Gangs and Sex Trafficking in San Diego
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: September 2016
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2012-R2-CX-0028
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Summary)
Format: Article; Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents information from an NIJ funded study that examined the role of street gangs as facilitators of sex trafficking in the United States.
Abstract: The study focused narrowly on one of the most understudied aspects of human trafficking in the U.S.: the role of street gangs as facilitators of sex trafficking. Researchers gathered and analyzed data from hundreds of current and former gang members, schools, law enforcement agencies and victim service providers. This three-year project had three primary goals: 1) Determine the role of street gangs in facilitating sex trafficking in San Diego County; 2) Determine the scope of sex trafficking victimization in San Diego County; and 3) Estimate the regional commercial sex economy in San Diego County. Findings centered on: gang involvement, at least 110 gangs are involved in the exploitation of individuals for commercial sex in San Diego and members made up an estimated 85 percent of pimps/sex-trafficking facilitators in the area; victimization, there are 8,830 and 11,773 victims/survivors of sex trafficking every year of whom 1,766 came into contact with law enforcement; regional commercial sex economy, sex trafficking produces an estimated $810 million annually in San Diego, making it San Diego’s second-largest underground economy after drug trafficking; clients, demand is widespread and clients of commercial sex come from all socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds; and recruitment, the average age of entry into child commercial sexual exploitation was 15 years old and significant recruitment occurred on high school and middle school campuses. The study is a large-scale model of collaborative research and serves as a national model for designing future research on human trafficking in other communities for academic purposes and for use in developing evidence-based policy and practical responses.
Main Term(s): Gangs; Trafficking in Persons
Index Term(s): National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources
Note: This article is based on the grant report The Nature and Extent of Gang Involvement in Sex Trafficking in San Diego County (NCJ 249857) by Ami Carpenter and Jamie Gates.
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