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NCJ Number: 250315 Add to Shopping cart 
Title: Restrictive Housing in the U.S.: Issues, Challenges, and Future Directions
Author(s): Marie Garcia; Calli M. Cain; Fred Cohen; Holly Foster; Natasha A. Frost; Reena Kapoor; Ryan M. Labrecque; Daniel P. Mears; Carlos E. Monteiro; David C. Pyrooz; Paula Smith; Benjamin Steiner; Jody L. Sundt; Robert L. Trestman
Date Published: November 2016
Page Count: 420
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF (Full Report)|PDF (Chapter 1)|PDF (Chapter 2)|PDF (Chapter 3)|PDF (Chapter 4)|PDF (Chapter 5)|PDF (Chapter 6)|PDF (Chapter 7)|PDF (Chapter 8)|PDF (Chapter 9)|PDF (Chapter 10)
Agency Summary: 
Type: Issue Overview; Legislation/Policy Analysis; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This comprehensive review of emerging issues and concerns related to restrictive housing ( also known as solitary confinement or segregated housing) in U.S. prisons focuses on the conceptual and empirical challenges in analyzing and addressing its uses, over-uses, and effects on inmates exposed to it.
Abstract: The authors - who are leading experts from various disciplines, including criminology, psychology, sociology, and law - use different, sometimes contradictory, terms to define and discuss restrictive housing. As a whole, the 10 chapters present an innovative perspective for guiding future research in this area and ensuring that any reform efforts have a strong scientific foundation. Individually, the chapters provide an in-depth review of the features and effects of restrictive housing. Following the introductory chapter, a chapter presents a historical overview of the uses and effects of restrictive housing. It reviews the variations in the policies, practices, and terminology associated with restrictive housing across jurisdictions, which increases the difficulty in comparing and monitoring the use and impact of this inmate management strategy. It notes how the increased use of solitary confinement, compared to more general inmate segregation, has drawn the greatest legal and ethical concerns about the practice, particularly as it involves youth, gang members, and the mentally ill. The second chapter addresses two integral elements of administrative segregation: its use and function within correctional institutions. Other chapters discuss confinement conditions in restrictive housing; how it is used to limit the influence of gangs in prisons; the link between inmate misconduct, institutional violence, and restrictive housing; the mental health effects of restrictive housing; research gaps in understanding the effects on inmates and the prison environment of prolonged periods of restrictive housing; the effects of administrative segregation on prison order and culture; what works in restrictive housing; and associated legal issues. Chapter notes
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Corrections management; Inmate discipline; Inmate health; Inmate segregation; Mentally ill inmates; NIJ Resources; Prison management; Solitary confinement
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