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NCJ Number: 250424 Find in a Library
Title: Bridging the Research/Practice Gap: Street-Level Decision Making and Historical Influences Related to Use of Evidence-Based Practices in Adult Probation
Author(s): Jill E. Viglione
Corporate Author: George Mason University
United States of America
Date Published: 2015
Page Count: 327
Sponsoring Agency: George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030-4444
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2014-IJ-CX-0004
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using a mixed-method approach (ethnography and surveys), this study builds upon traditional “street-level” decisionmaking literature and broadens the scope of inquiry by critically examining how probation officers (POs) understand, define, and adapt new practices to their existing organizational routines; and it also examines the conditions under which POs make adaptations to policy and the role that organizational culture and an organization’s history plays in shaping adaptation decisions.
Abstract: This study highlights a number of challenges that must be addressed in replicating evidence-based practices in probation that were effective in specific jurisdictions. These identified challenges and associated adaptations of evidence-based practices can inform future implementation efforts. Before attempting to implement an evidence-based practice in a particular jurisdiction, a probation agency should compare the evidence-based practice with current probation practice in the jurisdiction in order to assess where changes will need to be made and the training that will be required. The replication of the evidence-based practices must take into account how POs are currently performing their jobs and the specific changes in their practices that will be required to implement the core features of the evidence-based practice being proposed for implementation. 21 tables, 13 references, and appended organizational survey
Main Term(s): Correctional reform
Index Term(s): Change management; Evidence-Based Practices; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; Probation casework; Probation management; Probation officer attitudes; Probation or parole agencies; Program Adaptability/Replication; Program implementation
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