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NCJ Number: 250795 Find in a Library
Title: Nonstranger Victimization and Inmate Maladjustment: Is the Relationship Gendered?
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:43  Issue:8  Dated:August 2016  Pages:992-1017
Author(s): C. M. Cain; B. Steiner; E. M. Wright; B. Meade
Date Published: August 2016
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2011-IJ-CX-0003
Document: HTML
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using nationally representative samples of men and women housed in State prisons, this study examined gender differences in the effects of experiencing different types of non-stranger victimization prior to prison on inmate maladjustment.
Abstract: Scholars have hypothesized that victimization elicits distinctive effects on women’s pathways to prison and subsequent prison maladjustment, but few researchers have investigated gender differences in this relationship. Results from the current study indicate that pre-prison, non-stranger victimization affects men’s and women’s maladjustment similarly, with some gender differences—specifically, the effect of being physically assaulted by a non-stranger as an adult on violent misconduct was stronger among men, as was the effect of child abuse on men’s depressive symptoms. The findings suggest the effects of experiencing non-stranger victimization prior to incarceration on prison maladjustment may be gender-neutral more than gender-specific. Based on the study findings, non-stranger victimization should be deemed important in theories of men’s maladjustment as well as in theories of women’s maladjustment. 121 references (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Adjustment to prison; Effects of imprisonment; family violence; Gender issues; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; Victim-offender relationships; Victims of violent crime
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