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NCJ Number: 250812 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Transportation Disadvantage for Women on Community Supervision
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Dated:June 2016
Author(s): M. Northcutt Bohmert
Date Published: June 2016
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-IJ-CX-0041
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since access to transportation (i.e., walking, public transit, personal vehicles), or lack thereof, has not been extensively explored in criminal justice samples, this mixed-methods study of 366 women on probation and parole is the first to define transportation disadvantage, document its prevalence, and explore the problems related to it.
Abstract: Findings point to four themes, discovered in quantitative data analysis and buttressed by qualitative accounts, that illuminate the importance of transportation to justice-involved women. First, women have extensive transportation deficits at the individual level (e.g., they have poor physical health). Second, women rely heavily on social support. Third, women have deficits at the community level (e.g., they reside in inaccessible areas). Fourth, women have trouble identifying transportation-related problems directly, but through their narratives identify 10 distinct types. Further, transportation was a pressing concern for 42.6 percent of women that coincides with other needs such as health, safety, employment, neighborhood accessibility, and social support. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Female offenders; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; Parole casework; Parole conditions; Parole effectiveness; Parole supervision; Probation casework; Probation conditions; Probation or parole services; Probationers; Transportation
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