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NCJ Number: 250819 Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Link Between Exposure to a Violent Prison Context and Inmate Maladjustment
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Dated:July 2016
Author(s): B. Steiner; B. Meade
Date Published: July 2016
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2011-IJ-CX-0003
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested the hypotheses that exposure to a violent prison context directly increases maladjustment among the inmate population and that exposure to a violent prison context moderates the relationships between individual-level risk and protective factors and maladjustment.
Abstract: The importance of prison safety has generated a number of studies of the correlates to inmate maladjustment, and researchers have found that both individual and environmental characteristics impact the level of maladjustment across prisons; however, no studies have examined the impact of exposure to a violent prison context on maladjustment. Analyses of data collected from a national sample of inmates confined in State prisons revealed that exposure to violent prison contexts is associated with higher rates of inmate maladjustment. The study also found that exposure to a violent prison context moderated the relationships between individual-level risk and protective factors and some indicators of maladjustment. 94 references (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Adjustment to prison; Effects of imprisonment; Incarceration; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; Prison climate; Prison conditions; Risk and Protective Factors; Victimization in prisons
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