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NCJ Number: 250850 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Bullying in Depressive Symptoms From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood - A Growth Mixture Model
Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders  Volume:207  Dated:January 2017  Pages:1-8
Author(s): Ryan M. Hill; William Mellick; Jeff R. Temple; Carla Sharp
Date Published: September 2016
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2012-WG-BX- 0005
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study sought to identify trajectories of depressive symptoms in adolescence and emerging adulthood, using a school-based sample of adolescents assessed over a five-year period, and it also examined whether bullying and cyberbullying victimization and perpetration significantly predicted depressive symptom trajectories.
Abstract: Data were obtained from a sample of 1,042 high-school students. The sample had a mean age of 15.09 years (SD=.79), was 56.0 percent female, and was racially diverse: 31.4 percent Hispanic, 29.4 percent White, and 27.9 percent African-American. Data were examined using growth mixture modeling. Four trajectories of depressive symptoms were identified, including those with a mild trajectory of depressive symptoms, an increasing trajectory of depressive symptoms, an elevated trajectory of depressive symptoms, and a decreasing trajectory of depressive symptoms. Results indicated that bullying victimization and cyberbullying victimization differentially predicted depressive-symptom trajectories across adolescence; however, bullying and cyberbullying perpetration did not. These findings may assist school personnel in identifying students' likely trajectory of depressive symptoms and determining where depression prevention and treatment services may be needed. Study limitations included reliance on self-reports of bullying perpetration and a limited consideration of external factors that may impact the course of depression. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Bullying; Cyber bullying; Depression; Emotional disorders; Mental disorders; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ grant-related documents; Psychological victimization effects
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