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NCJ Number: 250987 
Title: El Libro de Referencia de las Huellas Dactilares - Chapter 13: Huellas Dactilares y la Ley
Author(s): Andre A. Moenssens; Stephen B. Meagher
Date Published: August 2017
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book Chapter
Language: Spanish
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter addresses the laws and rules of evidence that apply to friction-ridge impression evidence (any impression made from human friction-ridge skin, including the palms and the soles of the feet).
Abstract: The chapter focuses on relevant Federal court decisions and the Federal Rules of Evidence, which may not be applicable to all States. Occasional reference is made to laws or court decisions of specific States or foreign countries when notable. The scope of the chapter includes legal aspects associated with experts and evidence, as well as legal challenges to the admissibility of friction-ridge impression evidence. Chapter sections are categorized under the following topics: “The Expert and the Rules of Evidence,” “Daubert Challenges to Fingerprinting,” and “Historical Account of Fingerprints, Palmprints, and Footprints in U.S. Courts.” The chapter concludes that friction-ridge impression examination, whether 10-print to 10-print comparisons or latent print to 10-print comparisons, have been used in support of legal proceedings in the United States and worldwide since the early 1900s; however, latent print evidence, known exemplars of fingerprints and palmprints, and the expert must individually and collectively undergo scrutiny for compliance with legal requirements before friction-ridge evidence can be used in determining guilt. 32 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Expert witnesses; Federal legislation; Fingerprints; Latent fingerprints
Note: See NCJ 249575 for the complete Fingerprint Sourcebook.
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