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NCJ Number: 251040 Find in a Library
Title: Pretrial Detention and Case Processing Measures: A Study of Nine New Mexico Counties
Author(s): Kristine Denman
Corporate Author: New Mexico Criminal Justice Statistical Analysis Ctr
Institute for Social Research
United States of America
Date Published: November 2016
Page Count: 86
Sponsoring Agency: New Mexico Criminal Justice Statistical Analysis Ctr
Albuquerque, NM 87131
US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2014-BJ-CX-K024
Sale Source: New Mexico Criminal Justice Statistical Analysis Ctr
Institute for Social Research
University of New Mexico
MSC 04 2520
Albuquerque, NM 87131
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The objectives of this study of pretrial detention and case processing measures in nine New Mexico counties were to compile case processing statistics, explore pretrial detention time and the characteristics of persons given pretrial detention, and determine whether pretrial detention and other legal and extra-legal factors influence case outcomes.
Abstract: The study found that judges do take into account and weigh heavily legal variables when making decisions about pretrial detention. The severity of the current offense was a consistent predictor of both whether someone was detained and for how long. The number of prior arrests was also a significant and consistent predictor of these outcomes. Even after controlling for these legal factors in multivariate models, however, demographic characteristics such as age, gender, and race still influenced both pretrial detention and its length. Overall, the findings suggest that the use of an objective pretrial risk assessment could minimize the influence of extralegal variables in decision-making about pretrial detention. The study also found that the length of pretrial detention significantly increased the odds of conviction, but this does not necessarily mean that those who are detained longer will be convicted unfairly. Demographic characteristics were significantly related to many of the outcomes examined, including the likelihood of detention, the length of detention, time to adjudication, and the likelihood of conviction; for example, the odds of conviction were significantly higher for younger people and males in all models. This also supports the recommendation that a risk-assessment instrument be used as an objective method for assessing pretrial risk. 55 tables, 4 figures, and 15 references.
Main Term(s): Inmate statistics
Index Term(s): Inmate characteristics; New Mexico; OJP Resources; Pretrial detention; Pretrial procedures; Pretrial Services; Screening Instruments
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