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NCJ Number: 41001 Find in a Library
Title: BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION IN THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS
Journal: NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL ON PRISON LAW  Volume:1  Issue:2  Dated:(FALL 1974)  Pages:155-166
Author(s): N CARLSON
Corporate Author: New England Journal on Prison Law, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: New England Journal on Prison Law, Inc
Boston, MA 02116
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS DESCRIPTION OF THE USE OF TOKEN ECONOMIES AND FORMALIZED POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT PROGRAMS IN FEDERAL CORRECTIONS HIGHLIGHTS THE START (SPECIAL TREATMENT AND REHABILITATIVE TRAINING) PROGRAM.
Abstract: DEVELOPED AT THE MEDICAL CENTER FOR FEDERAL PRISONERS, SPRINGFIELD, MISSOURI, DURING OCTOBER 1972, START WAS AN ATTEMPT TO PROVIDE A MORE EFFECTIVE APPROACH FOR DEALING WITH A SMALL GROUP OF OFFENDERS WHOSE CONDUCT TOWARDS BOTH STAFF AND OTHER INMATES WAS CONTINUALLY SO HIGHLY AGGRESSIVE AND ASSAULTIVE THAT THEY COULD NOT BE KEPT IN THE GENERAL POPULATION. A STRATIFICATION SYSTEM INVOLVING SEVERAL LEVELS (EACH WITH ITS OWN PRIVILEGES AND RESPONSIBILITIES) WAS DEVISED. AS AN OFFENDER REACHED A HIGHER LEVEL, HE RECEIVED ADDITIONAL PRIVILEGES NOT AVAILABLE AT THE LOWER LEVEL. THE REQUIREMENT FOR PROMOTION UP THROUGH THESE LEVELS WAS CONSISTENT DISPLAY OF CONTROL OVER AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR. ONCE THIS CONTROL HAD BEEN DEMONSTRATED, THE OFFENDER WAS RETURNED TO A REGULAR INSTITUTION PROGRAM. DURING THE 16-MONTH DURATION OF THE PROGRAM, 99 OFFENDERS WERE CONSIDERED FOR PLACEMENT, WITH A TOTAL OF 19 ACTUALLY PARTICIPATING. OF THESE, 10 SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETED THE PROGRAM. THE DECISION TO TERMINATE THE START PROGRAM WAS MADE ON THE BASIS OF THE SMALL NUMBER OF INMATES WHO MET THE CRITERIA DEVELOPED FOR THE PROGRAM. PLANS FOR OTHER BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION PROGRAMS ARE DISCUSSED BRIEFLY.....ELW
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Federal Bureau of Prisons; Federal correctional facilities; Federal government; Token economies; Treatment offender matching; Violent inmates
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=41001

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