skip navigation

LIBRARY

Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 41735 Find in a Library
Title: POLICE USE OF DEADLY FORCE
Author(s): C H MILTON; J W HALLECK; J LARDNER; G L ABRECHT
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 203
Sponsoring Agency: Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
Sale Source: Police Foundation
1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE POLICE FOUNDATION UNDERTOOK THIS STUDY IN THE HOPE OF FINDING INFORMATION THAT MIGHT HELP POLICE AND CITY ADMINISTRATORS REDUCE THE RATE OF VIOLENCE BETWEEN POLICE AND CITIZENS.
Abstract: THE AUTHORS HAVE FOCUSED ON ONLY ONE FORM OF THAT VIOLENCE, THE USE OF FIREARMS BY POLICE, BUT ARE AWARE OF THE INTERRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACTS COMMITTED BY THE POLICE AND ACTS COMMITTED AGAINST THEM. THE PRIMARY PURPOSES OF THIS REPORT ARE 1) TO PRESENT THE RESULTS OF SITE VISITS AND DATA ANALYSIS IN BIRMINGHAM (AL), DETROIT (MI), INDIANAPOLIS (IN), KANSAS CITY (MO), OAKLAND (CA), PORTLAND (OR), AND WASHINGTON, D.C.; 2) TO RAISE ISSUES AND IDENTIFY FACTORS POLICE ADMINISTRATORS SHOULD CONSIDER IN DEVELOPING OR REFORMULATING DEPARTMENT POLICIES DEALING WITH THE USE OF DEADLY FORCE; 3) TO PRESENT PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POLICE ADMINISTRATORS TO IMPROVE THE WAY DEPARTMENTS APPROACH THE USE OF DEADLY FORCE; AND 4) TO IDENTIFY AREAS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH. THE ANALYSIS OF DATA COLLECTED DURING THE FIELD VISITS OF THE SEVEN CITIES FOCUSED ATTENTION ON THE POSSIBLE IMPACT OF WRITTEN POLICIES, ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCEDURES, AND OVERALL PERSONNEL AND TRAINING PRACTICES ON THE RATE AND CHARACTER OF SHOOTING INCIDENTS. SOME OF THE MAJOR FINDINGS, BASED ON A LITERATURE SEARCH OF STUDIES AND SURVEYS OF POLICE SHOOTINGS AND POLICIES, AND FROM THE ON-SITE OBSERVATIONS, WERE THAT: 1) POLICE DEPARTMENTS VARY WIDELY IN THEIR POLICY AND REVIEW PROCEDURES RELATING TO THE USE OF DEADLY FORCE. THERE IS NO UNIVERSALLY ACCEPTED STANDARD OR NATIONAL TREND GOVERNING THE USE OF FIREARMS; 2) IT IS DIFFICULT, AFTER THE FACT, TO CATEGORIZE CERTAIN SHOOTINGS AS JUSTIFIED OR UNJUSTIFIED; 3) MOST SHOOTINGS ARE CALLED JUSTIFIED BY DEPARTMENTS, AND VERY FEW ARE REFERRED FOR CRIMINAL CHARGES; 4) WHILE THE NUMBER OF MINORITIES SHOT IS GREATER THAN THEIR PROPORTION IN THE GENERAL POPULATION, IT IS NOT INCONSISTENT WITH THE NUMBER OF BLACKS AND MINORITIES ARRESTED FOR SERIOUS FELONIES; AND 5) A SIZABLE PERCENTAGE OF THE SHOOTING INCIDENTS INVOLVED OUT-OF-UNIFORM OFFICERS. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)...MSP
Index Term(s): Abuse of authority; Homicide; Lawful use of force; Off-duty offenses; On-duty offenses; Police internal investigations; Police weapons; Policy analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=41735

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.