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NCJ Number: 66581 Find in a Library
Title: EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN CANADA
Author(s): J LAPLANTE; M GREGOIRE-LAPLANTE
Corporate Author: University of Ottawa
Dept of Criminology
Canada
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 43
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8, Canada
Ontario Ministry of Correctional Services
Scarborough, Ontario M1L 4P1, Canada
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario K1Y 1E5, Canada
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THE CONCEPT OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IS TRACED THROUGH NORTH AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY, CANADIAN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY REGULATIONS ARE DISCUSSED, AND THE JUVENILE COURT SYSTEM IS ATTACKED.
Abstract: ANALYSIS OF THE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY CONCEPT IN NORTH AMERICA FROM THE CLOSE FAMILY STRUCTURE OF THE COLONIES TO THE FIRST CANADIAN LAW ON JUVENILE DELINQUENCY (1908) REVEALS TWO CONSTITUENT PARTS: (1) THE DELINQUENT'S BEHAVIOR AND (2) SOCIETY'S REACTION TO THE DELINQUENT. LIKE ENGLAND AND THE UNITED STATES, CANADA HAS CHOSEN TO DEAL WITH DELINQUENCY THROUGH A SPECIFIC COURT SYSTEM WHICH APPLIES TO ALL MINORS ABOVE THE AGE OF 7. JUVENILE COURTS WERE DEVELOPED AS A WAY TO PREVENT CRUEL PUNISHMENT OF CHILDREN BY SUBSTITUTING THE GOALS OF PROTECTION, 'PARENS PATRIAE,' (PATERNAL COURT AUTHORITY), AND REHABILITATION FOR FOR RETRIBUTION AND PUNISHMENT. HOWEVER, THE UNUSUALLY LOW AGE OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY, THE TYPE OF CRIMINALIZED OFFENSES (MANY OF WHICH CONCERN THE JUVENILE'S PRIVATE LIFE), THE VAGUE AND EXTENSIVE COURT JURISDICTION, AND THE ENSUING PROCESS OF SOCIAL STIGMATIZATION HAVE TRANSFORMED THE COURTS INTO REPRESSIVE AGENCIES POSING A THREAT TO JUVENILE LIBERTIES. THE LACK OF SUCCESSFUL REHABILITATION PROGRAMS LEADS EXPERTS TO SUSPECT THAT THE TREATMENT CONCEPT IS MERELY A PRETENSE FOR 'LOCKING AWAY' POTENTIALLY
Index Term(s): Canada; Decriminalization; History of juvenile justice; Juvenile codes; Juvenile courts
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66581

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