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NCJ Number: 87038 Find in a Library
Title: Conditional Release - Development and Implementation (1899-1981)
Journal: Criminologie  Volume:14  Issue:2  Dated:(1981)  Pages:complete issue
Corporate Author: Presses de L'universite de Montreal
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 105
Sponsoring Agency: Presses de L'universite de Montreal
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: Canada
Annotation: Articles in this special issue on parole in Canada refer primarily to the Provincial system in Ottawa as an example of an established and functioning service. Both critical and defensive viewpoints are represented.
Abstract: Three papers express the perspective of parole officers who are concerned with the stresses agents experience in attempting to enforce parole conditions while providing clients assistance with their reintegration needs. One paper suggests making parole assistance a voluntary service available to ex-offenders upon request. Another article assesses the potential effects of newly implemented reforms that integrate the parole service into the correctional system. Loss of parole agent autonomy is seen as a serious flaw in the comprehensive new case management approach, and eventual phaseout of the parole service is feared. Next, the discretional parole decisionmaking currently practiced by the Ottawa parole board is explained and defended as a fair and individualized procedure. A historical overview traces the development of the Canadian parole service over the past century. Finally, the parole agents' conflict between control and assistance is analyzed from an organizational perspective, which indicates that a resolution of the clinical dilemma must be sought at higher levels of the organizational power structure. Bibliographies are provided with some articles. For individual papers, see NCJ 87039-44.
Index Term(s): Attitudes toward authority; Canada; Correctional reform; Failure factors; Organization studies; Parole board; Parole board discretion; Parolees; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Probation or parole officers; Probation or parole services; Rehabilitation; Services effectiveness; Time served
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