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NCJ Number: 87097 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice System - A Social-Psychological Analysis
Editor(s): V J Konecni; E B Ebbesen
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 413
Sponsoring Agency: W H Freeman and Co
San Francisco, CA 94104
Sale Source: W H Freeman and Co
660 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94104
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book offers an empirical and quantitative analysis of participants' decisionmaking in the criminal justice system: the offender, the eyewitness, the police officer, the prosecutor, the defense attorney, the judge, the juror, the probation officer, and the parole board member.
Abstract: Following two introductory chapters on theory and methods, several chapters discuss key decision points in the processing of a criminal case, from the decision to commit a crime through the decision to grant parole. Key issues include the victim's decision to report the crime, the police officer's decision to make an arrest, the judge's decision on the amount of bail to set, the prosecutor's decision about which charges to file, the jury's decision to convict, and the judge's sentencing decision. Each chapter attempts to apply the insights of social and legal psychology to factors influencing the decision. In the final chapter, some recommendations for changes in the criminal justice system are suggested. The principal recommendation is that on-line data-gathering procedures capable of encoding case characteristics be instituted at each applicable decision point, permitting the development of reliable causal models. Most chapters report research data and provide references. For individual entries, see NCJ-87098-87110.
Index Term(s): Bail/Financial Release; Citizen crime reporting; Deterrence effectiveness; Discretionary decisions; Judicial discretion; Jury decisionmaking; Police decisionmaking; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Prosecutorial screening; Research methods; Sentencing/Sanctions; Suspect identification
Note: A series of books in psychology
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