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NCJ Number: 10786 Find in a Library
Title: JUSTIFYING VIOLENCE - ATTITUDES OF AMERICAN MEN
Author(s): M D BLOMENTHAL; R L KAHN
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 379
Sponsoring Agency: University of Michigan Press
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1104
Publication Number: U
Sale Source: University of Michigan Press
Marketing Manager
839 Greene Street
P.O. Box 1104
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1104
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESEARCH INTO THE ATTITUDES HELD BY AMERICAN MEN ON THE USE OF VIOLENCE, PARTICULARLY THAT VIOLENCE EMPLOYED ON BEHALF OF SOCIAL CHANGE OR SOCIAL CONTROL.
Abstract: RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED TO GAIN AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF VIOLENCE AND TO TRANSLATE THAT UNDERSTANDING INTO MEANS OF MEASURING THE EFFECTS OF VIOLENCE AND METHODS OF CURTAILING IT. A SAMPLE OF MEN, AGED 16 THROUGH 64, WAS SURVEYED IN THE SUMMER OF 1969. INCORPORATED INTO THE INTERVIEW WERE QUESTIONS ON SEVERAL KEY POINTS - BASIC CULTURAL VALUES IN FAVOR OF, AND AGAINST, VIOLENCE, IDENTIFICATION WITH A PERSON OR GROUP ACTING AS AGGRESSOR, IDENTIFICATION WITH VICTIMS OF AGGRESSION, AND DEFINITION OF VIOLENT BEHAVIOR. THE STUDY INDICATES THAT VIOLENCE IS WIDELY REGARDED AS INSTRUMENTAL IN BOTH MAINTAINING SOCIAL CONTROL AND PRODUCING SOCIAL CHANGE. AN OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF THE MEN SURVEYED AGREED THAT SOCIAL CHANGES CONCERNING POVERTY, UNEQUAL OPPORTUNITY, AND DISCRIMINATION WERE DESIRABLE, YET ONLY A SMALL MINORITY FELT THE NECESSITY FOR THE USE OF VIOLENCE. BELIEFS IN RETRIBUTION AND SELF-DEFENSE AND DEGREE OF EXPOSURE TO EITHER AGGRESSORS OR VICTIMS OF AGGRESSION WERE FOUND TO BE KEY VALUES WHICH DETERMINE ATTITUDES TOWARD VIOLENCE. WHILE THE REPORT CONCENTRATES PRIMARILY ON APPARENT CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, SOME BROAD SUGGESTIONS FOR CONTROLLING VIOLENCE ARE MADE. SPECIFIC METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE STUDY ARE FULLY COVERED IN THE APPENDICES. (SNI ABSTRACT)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Behavioral science research; Civil disorders; Collective violence; Crimes against persons; Discrimination; Property crimes; Race relations; Social change; Socioculture; Unemployment; United States of America; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=10786

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