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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 10861 Find in a Library
Title: OUTSIDERS - STUDIES IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF DEVIANCE
Author(s): H S BECKER
Date Published: 1963
Page Count: 190
Sponsoring Agency: Free Press
New York, NY 10020
Publication Number: U
Sale Source: Free Press
Promotion Manager
Scholarly and Reference Division
1230 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10020
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THEORY OF DEVIANCE AS A GROUP BEHAVIOR IN WHICH THE DEVIANT ACT PRECEDES AND, IN TIME, PRODUCES DEVIANT MOTIVATION.
Abstract: DEVIANCE IS CREATED BY THE SOCIETY'S DEFINITIONS OF NORMAL BEHAVIOR. WHILE THE DEVIANT ACT IS PERFORMED BY AN INDIVIDUAL, IT IS RARELY REPEATED WITHOUT SOME FORM OF GROUP SUPPORT. MOVING INTO AN ORGANIZED DEVIANT GROUP HAS SEVERAL CONSEQUENCES FOR THE CAREER OF THE DEVIANT. FIRST OF ALL, DEVIANT GROUPS TEND, MORE THAN DEVIANT INDIVIDUALS, TO BE PUSHED INTO RATIONALIZING THEIR POSITION. AT AN EXTREME, THEY DEVELOP A VERY COMPLICATED HISTORICAL, LEGAL, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL JUSTIFICATION FOR THEIR DEVIANT ACTIVITY. MEMBERS OF ORGANIZED DEVIANT GROUPS HAVE ONE THING IN COMMON - THEIR DEVIANCE. IT GIVES THEM A SENSE OF COMMON FATE, OF BEING IN THE SAME BOAT. FROM A SENSE OF COMMON FATE, FROM HAVING TO FACE THE SAME PROBLEMS, GROWS A DEVIANT SUBCULTURE - A SET OF PERSPECTIVES AND UNDERSTANDINGS ABOUT WHAT THE WORLD IS LIKE AND HOW TO DEAL WITH IT, AND A SET OF ROUTINE ACTIVITIES BASED ON THOSE PERSPECTIVES. MEMBERSHIP IN SUCH A GROUP SOLIDIFIES A DEVIANT IDENTITY. AMONG THE DEVIANT GROUPS DISCUSSED ARE DANCE MUSICIANS, MARIJUANA USERS, AND HOMOSEXUALS. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT)
Index Term(s): Attitudes toward authority; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Motivation; Sexual behavior; Socioculture; Sociology; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=10861

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