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NCJ Number: 10907 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND CORRECTIONS - CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE POTENTIAL
Author(s): J COSTELLO
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 105
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: NI 72-006-PO
Publication Number: U
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESEARCH IN THE APPLICATION OF OPERANT CONDITIONING PROCEDURES IN THE FIELD OF JUVENILE CORRECTIONS.
Abstract: AN OPERANT BEHAVIOR IS ONE WHICH IS VOLUNTARILY CONTROLLED AND IS PRODUCED BY SKELETAL MUSCLES AND NEUROLOGICAL INNERVATION. ITS MOST DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTIC IS THAT ITS FORM AND FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE ARE CONTROLLED BY THE CONSEQUENCES WHICH THE BEHAVIOR PRODUCES. THIRTEEN STUDIES OF CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS WHICH USE BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AS A REHABILITATION TECHNIQUE ARE PRESENTED. THEY INCLUDE THE KENNEDY YOUTH CENTER AND THE SOUTHWEST INDIAN YOUTH CENTER, WHICH EMPLOY THE TOKEN REINFORCEMENT SYSTEM. IN THIS SYSTEM PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES IN EDUCATIONAL, VOCATIONAL, COUNSELING AND WORK AREAS ARE SPECIFIED FOR STUDENTS. EACH STUDENT IS AWARDED POINTS WHICH ARE REDEEMABLE FOR PRIVILEGES OR GOODS AT THE COMMISSARY. DEFIANT BEHAVIOR CAUSES THE LOSS OF POINTS. THERE IS A NEED FOR PROCEDURES WHICH ALLOW TRANSFER OF NEWLY ACQUIRED BEHAVIORS FROM THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT TO THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT. A COMPREHENSIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Behavioral science research; Correctional institutions (adult); Counseling; Federal correctional facilities; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juveniles; Mental defectives
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=10907

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