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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 113095 Find in a Library
Title: Sexual Abuse in Day Care: A National Study, Executive Summary
Author(s): D Finkelhor; L M Williams; N Burns; M Kalinowski
Project Director: L M Williams
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of New Hampshire, Family Research Laboratory
Durham, NH 03824
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Washington, DC 20447
Grant Number: 90-CA-1155; 5T32MH15161-10
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the incidence, dynamics, victimization effects, and criminal justice response to child sexual abuse in day care settings.
Abstract: To identify cases reported nationwide between January 1983 and December 1985, high-level day care licensing and child protection officials in all 50 States were contacted, a search of newspaper clippings was conducted, and 60 sexual abuse specialists were interviewed. Data were collected on the 270 identified cases, and indepth study was undertaken on a random sample of 43 of these cases. The 270 facilities involved 1,639 children. Perpetrators included day care staff, volunteers, and others (bus drivers, janitors, outsiders). Of cases, 83 percent involved a single perpetrator; and 40 percent of perpetrators were women. Girls were more frequently victimized than boys (62 versus 38 percent), and half of all cases involved only a single reported victim. No specific victim or offender profile could be discerned. Touching and fondling was the most common form of abuse, and penetration (including oral, digital, or other object) occurred in 93 percent of cases. Two-thirds of cases occurred in the facility's bathroom. Parents and the victims were the most common source of disclosure. Victims exhibited a variety of symptoms including fear, sleep disturbance, regression, and inappropriate sexual behavior. Only 21 percent of initial allegations were substantiated, and multidisciplinary team approaches were most effective in terms of outcomes and impact on victims. In substantiated cases, licensing sanctions were somewhat more successful than criminal prosecution, and 54 percent of facilities with substantiated cases remained open after investigation was terminated. Recommendations for prevention, detection, investigation, and treatment are included. 1 figure.
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Child abuse detection; Child abuse investigations; Child care services; Criminal Justice System Response to Victims; Psychological victimization effects; Victimization in juvenile facilities; Victimization surveys
Note: See NCJ-113096 for full report
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