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NCJ Number: 113177 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Problematic Prospects for Prevention in the Classroom: Should Alcohol Education Programs Be Expected To Reduce Drinking by Youth?
Journal: Journal of Studies on Alcohol  Volume:49  Issue:1  Pages:51-61
Author(s): A L Mauss; R H Hopkins; R A Weisheit; K A Kearney
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Distilled Spirits Council of the United States
Washington, DC 20005
US Dept of Agriculture
Washington, DC 20013
Grant Number: AA03734
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Junior and senior high-school students completed a questionnaire, either once or twice (in successive years), providing measures of variable in three principal sets: (1) curricular variables, those typically addressed on contemporary alcohol education programs (knowledge about alcohol, attitudes toward alcohol, decisionmaking skills, and self-esteem); (2) drinking behavior; and (3) noncurricular variables (demographic and social-psychological traits that typically characterize students before they are exposed to alcohol education programs).
Abstract: Bivariate analyses suggested that the curricular variables are related to drinking behavior, whereas multivariate analyses indicated that these same variables contribute little to the explanation of adolescent drinking when adjusted for the noncurricular variables, most of which are logically and/or chronologically prior to curriculum exposure. It is concluded that contemporary alcohol education programs do address variables that, when considered alone, appear to be related to drinking. However, these same variables make such a small independent contribution to drinking behavior that it is unlikely even a highly successful classroom intervention directed at these variables would do much to prevent alcohol use or abuse by youth. (Publisher abstract)
Main Term(s): Alcohol abuse education
Index Term(s): Drug prevention programs; Services effectiveness; Underage Drinking
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