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NCJ Number: 113212 Find in a Library
Title: Time Series Analysis of Violent Crime and Its Relation to Prolonged States of Warfare: The Israeli Case
Journal: Criminology  Volume:26  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1988)  Pages:489-504
Author(s): S F Landau; D Pfeffermann
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Israeli National Council for Research and Development
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Israel
Annotation: This study examines the effect of security-related stressors (e.g., wars and more prolonged states of belligerence) on violent crime patterns in Israel.
Abstract: The alternative hypotheses tested are the cohesion hypothesis, which predicts a decrease in criminal violence in times of increased security-related stress, and the legitimation-habituation hypothesis, which predicts an increase in criminal violence in such periods. The study uses monthly data collected in Israel over 15 years. Security-related casualties and incidents are the security-related stressors; homicide and robbery are the measures of criminal violence; and economic and sociodemographic indicators are the control variables. The analysis uses a multiple regression model with autoregressive errors. The reported number of casualties had a significant marginal positive effect on homicide, thus supporting the legitimation-habituation hypothesis. Such an effect could not be detected for the robberies series. Inflation increments had a strong positive effect on both series, and rates of unemployment had a significant marginal positive effect on robbery but not on homicide. The effects of the various stressors are not contemporaneous but extend to several months ahead. Some theoretical aspects of the findings and their implications for Israeli society are discussed. 3 tables, 46 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Violence causes
Index Term(s): Israel; Violent crimes
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Montreal, November 1987.
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