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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 113313 Find in a Library
Title: Relationship of Preaddiction Characteristics to the Types and Amounts of Crime Committed by Narcotic Addicts
Journal: The International Journal of the Addictions  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:(1987), 153-165
Author(s): J W Shaffer; D N Nurco; J C Ball; T W Kinlock; K R Duszynski; J Langrod
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 13
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Confidential interviews were conducted between May 1983 and April 1984 with male narcotics addicts from Baltimore and New York City to determine whether certain preaddiction characteristics are related to the types and amounts of crime they commit subsequent to their addiction.
Abstract: The study sample consisted of 50 black and 50 white male outpatients at 5 methadone maintenance/detoxification centers in Baltimore and 50 black, 50 white, and 50 Hispanic outpatients selected from consecutive admissions to a single-large-capacity methadone maintenance/detoxification center in New York City. Postaddiction crime rates among narcotic (principally heroin) addicts in 5 different areas (theft, violence, dealing, confidence games, and other crime) were found to be substantially related to a number of preaddiction characteristics, especially criminal activity and drug and alcohol use prior to addiction to narcotics. Early family influences such as lack of religious training, history of parents, arrest, and use of drugs and alcohol by other family members also appear to play an important role. Early identification of extremely crime-prone individuals followed by intensive intervention efforts might reduce the amounts of crime such persons might otherwise commit. (Author abstract modified).
Main Term(s): Criminality prediction
Index Term(s): Alcoholism; Drug dependence; Home environment; Intervention
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