skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 113464 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Preventing Crime in Urban Communities: Handbook and Program Profiles
Corporate Author: National Crime Prevention Council
United States of America
Date Published: 1986
Page Count: 132
Sponsoring Agency: National Crime Prevention Council
Arlington, VA 22202-4801
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

National Crime Prevention Council
2001 Jefferson Davis Highway
Suite 901
Arlington, VA 22202-4801
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Citizen Involvement Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This handbook examines the need for and approaches to crime prevention in urban communities.
Abstract: Urban residents, particularly blacks, are the most frequent victims of violent crimes. Such crimes have high social and economic costs, but can be reduced by empowering residents. Key players in crime prevention include the community, the law enforcement agency, the organizer, and other Government agencies. Each has differing roles and responsibilities in an effective community crime prevention program. In organizing a program, it is essential to know the community. This can be accomplished through informal talks, conducting surveys, identifying community leaders and institutions, and establishing linkages. It is also important to earn the community's trust by understanding its perceptions of crime and law enforcement, developing a sensitivity to cultural differences, and focusing on residents' concerns. The program should emphasize action, community power, and positive motives. Approaches to crime prevention include neighborhood watch groups; individual strategies focusing on victimization prevention, root causes approaches that emphasize social, economic, and other conditions that contribute to a community's crime problem; and comprehensive approaches that integrate all of these approaches with crime-specific and environmental measures. Nine steps are required for action planning: identifying and ranking the crime problem, setting priorities and goals, listing projects, identifying allies, calculating costs, exploring resources, keeping the community posted, and obtaining feedback. Program profiles are provided. Appendixes, forms, photographs, and a resources list.
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Program implementation; Program planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.