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NCJ Number: 113638 Find in a Library
Title: Effect of Executions Is Brutalization, Not Deterrence (From Challenging Capital Punishment: Legal and Social Science Approaches, P 49-89, 1988, Kenneth C Haas and James A Inciardi, eds. -- see NCJ-113635)
Author(s): W J Bowers
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 41
Sponsoring Agency: Chicago Resource Ctr
Chicago, IL 60606
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Grant Number: 7804603
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This review of relevant empirical studies indicates that capital punishment is more likely to promote violence (brutalization) than to decrease it (deterrence).
Abstract: In Gregg v. Georgia (1976), the U.S. Supreme Court held statistical attempts to evaluate the worth of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime inconclusive. Since the 'Gregg' decision, Ehrlich's deterrence findings have been discredited and even reversed. Careful review of other studies has revealed a balance of brutalization over deterrence results. Close examination of homicide data from earlier studies has shown consistent evidence of a brutalizing effect. Recent studies using monthly homicide data have provided more reliable statistical evidence of brutalization. Phillips' study, contrary to its original claims, should properly be counted among those studies finding statistically significant support for the brutalization hypothesis. 29 notes, 97 references.
Main Term(s): Capital punishment
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Violence causes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=113638

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