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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 113688 Find in a Library
Title: Origins and Development of Penalties for Drunk Drivers in California
Author(s): M Laurence
Corporate Author: California Dept of Justice
Bureau of Criminal Statistics and Special Services
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of Justice
Sacramento, CA 95813
California Dept of Justice
Sacramento, CA 95820
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the evolution of incarceration and fines and the quasi-administrative sanction of license suspension in California drunk-driving legislation.
Abstract: Three significant trends mark the development and application of drunk-driving sanctions in California. First, there has been a growing tendency, especially in the 1980's, toward subdividing drunk driving into punishment categories based on the offender's prior record and the harm caused by the driver. The division of the range of punishments on these bases, has created a hierarchical punishment scheme without significantly altering the penalty scales. Second, California drunk-driving legislation intends to provide appropriately severe penalties for drunk driving by mandating relatively high minimum-punishment levels. Legislation enacted in the 1980's requires judges to impose at least the minimum penalties even when probation is given. The third trend involves the criminal justice system's response to the various punishment provisions. Legislative intents often are not fulfilled in the actions of prosecutors, juries, and judges, prompting additional legislation that creates a new round of reactions. 2 figures, 2 tables, 32 notes, 23-item bibliography.
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
Index Term(s): California; Sentencing trends; State laws
Note: From the 'BCS Forum' series.
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