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NCJ Number: 113711 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice and the Family: A Systems Approach to Family Assessment (From Deviance and the Family, P 155-172, 1988, Frank E Hagan and Marvin B Sussman, eds. -- See NCJ-113701)
Author(s): J E McGaha; D G Fournier
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
Sale Source: Haworth Press, Inc
10 Alice Street
Binghamton, NY 13904
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale (FACES), a 30-item self-report questionnaire, identifies families according to type and level of function or dysfunction within a circumplex model that characterizes family systems in terms of an adaptability continuum ranging from rigid to chaotic and cohesion continuum ranging from disengaged to enmeshed.
Abstract: The clinical utility of FACES and the circumplex model was evaluated in data for 40 juveniles referred for court intake and 50 of their parents. Compared to national norms, the study sample was significantly less cohesive and much more rigid. Juveniles from families scoring in the extreme range tended to commit more violent crimes and status offenses, while those from balanced and midrange families were more likely to commit property crimes such as petty theft, minor vandalism, or liquor-related offenses. Although 70 percent of the families were white, a significant majority of the extreme families were black. These families tended to have less income and education, more children, and a female head of household. Compared to balanced families, midrange and extreme families showed significantly higher levels of stress and nonsignificantly higher levels of conflict. Results suggest that court monitoring and referral to community resources are warranted interventions for extreme families, balanced families probably require minimal and unofficial court intervention, and midrange families appear to be the best prospects for short-term family intervention. 1 figure, 6 tables, and 24 references.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquent family relations
Index Term(s): Family intervention programs; Testing and measurement
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