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NCJ Number: 113716 Find in a Library
Title: Monitoring the Levels and Trends of HIV Infection: The Public Health Service's HIV Surveillance Program
Journal: Public Health Reports  Volume:103  Issue:3  Dated:(May-June 1988)  Pages:213-220
Author(s): T J Dondero; M Pappaioanou; J W Curran
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: As the prevalence of HIV infection varies widely by geographic area and by demographic and behavioral subgroups, a comprehensive, multifaceted approach to HIV surveillance is needed to provide information necessary for public health management and policy.
Abstract: Because HIV infection is not readily or easily ascertained, both survey methods and sentinel surveillance approaches must be used. At least some of the surveys must be anonymous and unlinked to identifiable persons to avoid the uninterpretable impact of a self-selection bias that could lead to significant underestimates and occasional overestimates of prevalence. Others must be unblinded, with careful interviews of voluntary participants to evaluate risk factors for HIV infection. Further, these surveys must continue over time to evaluate trends in infection. A comprehensive family of complementary HIV surveys and studies and a national household-based HIV seroprevalence survey have been undertaken by the Public Health Service in colaboration with other Federal agencies, State and local health departments, blood collection agencies, and medical research institutions. These projects focus on accessible segments of the general population, childbearing women, persons at high risk of HIV, and persons in special settings such as prisons and colleges. This surveillance approach will help monitor the levels and trends of HIV infection in the United States and held prioritize, target, and evaluate HIV prevention activities. 10 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
Index Term(s): Public Health Service; Research methods; Research uses in policymaking
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