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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 113991 Find in a Library
Title: Probation as an Alternative to Custody: A Case Study
Author(s): P Raynor
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 202
Sponsoring Agency: Gower Publishing Co Ltd
Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR, England
Nuffield Foundation
London, England
Publication Number: ISBN 0-566-05588
Sale Source: Gower Publishing Co Ltd
Gower House, Croft Road,
Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR,
United Kingdom
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study assesses the effectiveness of a British intensive probation project in reducing the number of young adults imprisoned while maintaining community safety.
Abstract: The catchment area of the Afan Alternative Project was the Petty Sessional Division of Afan in West Glamorgan, served by the Port Talbot Magistrates' Court. The intent of the project was to provide intensive group work for probationers. The intention of the group work was to examine attitudes, feelings, behavior, and the situations in which group members committed offenses. Data relevant to the project's effectiveness were obtained over the period 1980-85. Sentencing data indicate the project was successful in reducing custodial sentencing for the target group. Those participating in the program would have been at high risk of incarceration without the program. There was no evidence of 'net-widening' nor of the erosion of the use of other noncustodial sentencing options. Indirect evidence from the self-report study suggests that the majority of the project's clients experienced a reduction in the range and intensity of life difficulties. There is some evidence of a reduction in recidivism rates below expected levels, particularly in the second year of participation. Program costs were much less than incarceration costs but higher than regular probation costs. The study identifies factors that increased and reduced project effectiveness and considers its replicability. 43 tables, 2 figures, chapter notes, 115-item bibliography.
Main Term(s): Intensive probation
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; United Kingdom (UK)
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