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NCJ Number: 114353 Find in a Library
Title: Trends in Drug Usage in Los Angeles County, 1981-1987
Author(s): M D Lynes; E L Chandler; D McAllister; I H Strantz
Corporate Author: Los Angeles Cty
Dept of Health Services
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Los Angeles Cty
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Trends in drug abuse in the Los Angeles area were examined using 1981 to 1987 data on drug-induced deaths, emergency room admissions, and treatment admissions.
Abstract: Cocaine continues to be the fastest growing drug problem. All three indicators showed continuing increases over the study period, with the largest increases being in 1985-1986. Indicators for heroin use showed decreases for 1983-1984. All three indicators had their highest absolute numbers in 1986, and both heroin-related deaths and emergency room admissions showed their highest increases in the 1985-1986 transition. There was some indication of a decrease in heroin use in 1987. While the patterns of increases and decreases in indicators for phencyclidine use were not as consistent as those for heroin and cocaine, abuse appears to have peaked in 1983 and inconsistently decreased since then. For all three drugs, the three indicators showed substantial consistency and agreement over time. Cocaine is the primary drug of abuse in the area, moving above heroin in both drug deaths and emergency room admissions in 1984. Heroin continues to be the primary drug of abuse of clients in treatment. The treatment admission data are somewhat misleading because of the inclusions of certain treatment modalities (methadone maintenance and outpatient methadone detoxification) that result in high admission rates for heroin abuse. 9 tables and 5 references.
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): California; Cocaine; Heroin; PCP (phencyclidine hydrochloride)
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