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NCJ Number: 114446 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Personal Experiences With Couple Violence on Calling it 'Battering' and Allocating Blame (From Coping With Family Violence: Research and Policy Perspectives, P 31-59, 1988, Gerald T Hotaling, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-114444)
Author(s): A J Sedlak
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Information supplied by 125 undergraduate students formed the basis of an analysis of how personal experiences with violence in an intimate relationship relate to general attitudes on this subject and affect evaluations of specific episodes.
Abstract: The Iowa State University students completed anonymous questionnaires on their attitudes, personal experiences, and judgments of case studies regarding both physical aggression between intimates and episodes of forced sex. The individuals who had had experiences in both victim and abuser roles had lower victim empathy than did other respondents and also indicated that they could more equally imagine the feelings of both victim and abuser during a battering episode. Most respondents who had experienced violent episodes declined to call these battering, regardless of whether they had been victims or abusers. However, those who were more seriously injured were more willing than others to call a personal experience 'battering.' Past experiences with violence and the victim's level of resistance were also important determinants in the labeling process. Findings indicated both that the nature of the victim's reaction in an abusive episode has pervasive effects on evaluations and perceptions of the event and that the person's own history has a crucial influence on perceptions. Tables, figures, notes, and 21 references.
Main Term(s): Interpersonal relations
Index Term(s): Acquaintance rape; Domestic assault; Domestic relations; Psychological victimization effects; Victim reactions to crime
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