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NCJ Number: 114724 Find in a Library
Title: Court Disposal of Young Males, By Race, in London in 1983
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:28  Issue:4  Dated:(Autumn 1988)  Pages:441-460
Author(s): M A Walker
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The outcomes of prosecutions of 5,480 14- to 16-year males were examined as a function of police-assessed ethnicity in 1983 data for courts in greater London, England.
Abstract: Results indicate that of those prosecuted, relatively more blacks had their cases dismissed without trial due to insufficient evidence. This suggests that police more readily prosecute blacks or that courts require more convincing evidence for black than for white defendants. A higher proportion of blacks than whites were acquitted after trial, again suggesting less evidence; although other factors such as perceptions of court officers and magistrates and differences in types of offenses or their circumstances also may have played a role. A slightly higher proportion of blacks than whites were sentenced in adult rather than juvenile magistrates' courts, usually as a result of the existence of and factors relating to an adult codefendant. Of these, a higher proportion of blacks were committed to Crown Court for trial. Finally, in Crown Court, a higher proportion of blacks was given custodial sentences. There was insufficient data regarding the seriousness of offenses and previous convictions or cautions of those convicted to determine if the sentences of the two races were comparable. 21 references and 13 tables.
Main Term(s): Racial discrimination
Index Term(s): Black juvenile delinquents; Black/White Crime Comparisons; England; Juvenile case disposition
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