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NCJ Number: 114842 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Fourth Amendment Primer for Canine Officers
Journal: Law and Order  Volume:36  Issue:12  Dated:(December 1988)  Pages:54-56
Author(s): M L Ciminelli
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since the courts have a favorable view of the use of dogs in sniffing out contraband, police agencies should use this resource to the fullest.
Abstract: Many courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court, have held that the sniff of a trained police dog does not constitute a search under the fourth amendment. If the reaction of a police dog is used to establish probable cause for a search warrant, it is likely that the training received by both the dog and its handler will become an issue. Thus, documentation of training is a must for police canine units or officers. Any time an article is being detained under reasonable suspicion absent a police dog sniff, it should not be moved from one location to another. The dog should be brought to the article's location. This eliminates lengthy detention of suspects or suspects' luggage under uncertain conditions. A canine reaction not only constitutes probable cause for a subsequent search but also for an on-the-spot arrest or the issuance of an arrest warrant.
Main Term(s): Police dogs
Index Term(s): Drug law enforcement; Search and seizure
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