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NCJ Number: 114850 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: From Macaulay to Mahatma: An Indian Criminological Odyssey
Journal: Indian Journal of Criminology  Volume:16  Issue:2  Dated:(July 1988)  Pages:88-105
Author(s): V R K Iyer
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: India's colonial penal code, the product of Lord Macaulay, used draconian measures to inflict mental and emotional pain on offenders. India's current criminological thrust should reflect Gandhi's vision of the healing of deviance through humane treatment and correction.
Abstract: The state's retributive infliction of pain on offenders perpetuates rather than terminates violence among India's citizenry. Criminal behavior stems from stress and anxiety fostered by unfulfilled needs and understimulation. Deviant behavior can be modified by addressing the stress and anxiety at the root of criminal behavior. This is not to ignore the consequences of criminal behavior for its victims. The state must focus on victims' needs as well as offenders' needs. When possible, part of an offender's rehabilitation should be to assume responsibility for relieving the victim's distress or loss. International law and India's Constitution both emphasize the humane treatment and rehabilitation of offenders. We must pursue Ghandi's view that offenders are patients and that prisons are mental and moral hospitals. India's courts have the responsibility of monitoring the implementation of such a philosophy in India's correctional institutions. 11 references.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Foreign correctional systems; India; Rehabilitation
Note: Kumarappa-Reckless Award Lecture delivered at the 17th Annual Conference of the Indian Society of Criminology at Trivandrum, March 3, 1988.
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