skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 114858 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Comparative Analysis of Culture, Safety, and Organizational Management Factors in Japanese and U.S. Prisons
Journal: Prison Journal  Volume:68  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring-Summer 1988)  Pages:3-23
Author(s): W G Archambeault; C R Fenwick
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper combines the organizational management perspective and the cross cultural perspective in a comparative analysis of Japanese and American prisons.
Abstract: The paper first briefly discusses the impact of Japanese culture on crime, crime control, and corrections, followed by a comparison of prison safety measures in Japanese and American prisons. After discussing the effects of governmental organization on prison safety, the effects of culture on prison safety are then considered. The remaining sections of the paper discuss the effects of organizational management practices on prison safety and emerging challenges to Japanese prison management. The paper concludes that Japan has developed an integrated, well-organized, cost-effective system of custody institutions. Its correctional employees are professional, adequately trained, and demonstrate a high degree of work-group solidarity. Japanese prisons are managed under a modified Theory Z organizational framework, which reflects core Japanese cultural values. This apparently produces safer prisons than American bureaucratic prisons. The data suggest that centralized organizational management, with its associated consistency of standards and procedures, is also important, although it is not sufficient to produce safe prisons or to ameliorate the negative effects of prisonization on inmates and staff. Japanese prison standards for the legal protections of inmates rights, nutrition, and discipline do not meet American standards in most cases. 6 footnotes, 60-item bibliography.
Main Term(s): Prison management
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Inmate personal security; Japan; US/foreign comparisons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.