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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 114879 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Out of Harm's Way: The Emancipation of Juvenile Justice
Author(s): R J Margolis
Corporate Author: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 54
Sponsoring Agency: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation
New York, NY 10177
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice
Law Enforcement Assistance Admin
Region 1
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document examines the basic principles of juvenile deinstitutionalization, with special focus on its practice in Massachusetts and Utah.
Abstract: Throughout its history, the juvenile justice system in the United States has been characterized by two approaches -- the first emphasizing restraint, regimentation, and retribution; the other characterized by a focus on individualization, self-actualization, and rehabilitation. Deinstitutionalization relies on fewer traditional constraints and on more open-door techniques. It envisions detention centers without locks, secure facilities without cells, halfway houses without guards, and, ultimately, communities without fear. In Massachusetts and Utah, about four-fifths of all children who end up in State custody manage to stay out of large institutions. Instead they are consigned to the care of a family, not always their own, and/or to one or more programs among a variety of deinstitutional offerings. Most of these programs are administered by private, nonprofit organizations on State contracts. Much deinstitutional care occurs in small group residences and neighborhood youth centers and through programs such as shelter care, outreach, tracking, proctor care, and youth services. In these States, even secure facilities bear marks of diversification and offer counseling, educational, and recreational services. While offering mixed results, studies of deinstitutional and community-based alternatives dispute assumptions of traditional penal approaches and indicate that deinstitutionalization can be an effective and humane alternative to reformatories and detention centers.
Main Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile)
Index Term(s): Deinstitutionalization; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile treatment methods; Massachusetts; Utah
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