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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 114913 Find in a Library
Title: Post-High School Prospects and District-Level Dropout Rates
Journal: Youth and Society  Volume:20  Issue:2  Dated:(December 1988)  Pages:123-147
Author(s): R Bickel; G Papagiannis
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 25
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study applies multiple regression analysis to assess the impact of socially structured opportunities (e.g., unemployment rates, wage average, and postsecondary education opportunities) on high school students' likelihood of dropping out or being graduated using 1984-1985 data for Florida's 67 school districts.
Abstract: Of 20 independent variables in the regression analysis, only 3 -- average job wage, average unemployment rate, and percentage black population -- have statistically significant regression coefficients. These three variables account for 25 percent of the variation in high school completion rates. Consistent with the view that post-high school economic prospects have a substantial impact on students' decisions to stay in school or drop out, completion rates were positively related to average unemployment rate and negatively related to average wage rate. Interaction effects suggest that black students may be even more responsive than white students to economic prospects. Results suggest that students' educational decision to dropout or complete schooling are determined, at least in part, by their evaluations of their social and economic environment. 6 tables and 47 references.
Main Term(s): School dropouts
Index Term(s): Economic influences; Florida; Motivation
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