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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 114956 Find in a Library
Title: What Is Discretionary Parole Release? (From Current Issues in Parole Decisionmaking: Understanding the Past; Shaping the Future, P 11-17, 1988, Peggy B Burke -- See NCJ-114954)
Author(s): P B Burke
Corporate Author: Cosmos Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Cosmos Corporation
Bethesda, MD 20814
National Institute of Corrections
Washington, DC 20534
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Corrections
320 First Street, NW
Washington, DC 20534
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Common views about discretionary parole release do not match the reality of parole's current operation or the findings of research regarding its effectiveness.
Abstract: Media accounts of crimes committed by parolees often fail to inform the public about the nature of parole or to note that parole release may result from legal mandates rather than from discretionary decisions of parole boards. Parole rests on the rehabilitative concept and is viewed by parole decisionmakers as a cost-effective way to manage the transition from prison back to society. Research on parole's effectiveness has been hampered by methodological problems and does not permit generalizations. Evidence about recidivism rates among parolees and those released without supervision has produced conflicting results and has been subject to a variety of interpretations. Nevertheless, empirical research has shown that the risk assessment instruments used by some paroling authorities are valid methods for identifying groups of parolees with differing rates of recidivism. Despite the disagreements regarding the research results, existing evidence does not support the elimination of what common sense and experience support, and common sense suggests the desirability of providing a period of supervision and support during a transition from institutional life to community life.
Main Term(s): Parole board discretion
Index Term(s): Discretionary decisions; Parole; Parole effectiveness; Probation or parole decisionmaking
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=114956

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